Diabetes is one of the most common diseases that is seen among a good percent of the population throughout the years. There has been a significant increase in the diagnosis of diabetes among people in their 20s and 30s now, compared to how it was a few decades ago. It is something that we are taking lightly but can go on to become a big issue that needs to be sorted out. It is important to get to know what the disease is before trying to eliminate it.
What is Diabetes?
To put it in simple words, diabetes is the disease that occurs when the sugar or glucose level in the blood gets too high. The glucose or sugar present in the blood is the source of energy for our body. Insulin, the hormone from the pancreas is responsible for the distribution of these to the cells for their proper functioning. When the body does not produce enough insulin, or there is any disruption about the same, the blood sugar shoots up, developing the condition named Diabetes. It comes to be a part of metabolic diseases as it occurs due to improper metabolism.
Types of Diabetes
There are three types of diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes – It is one of the rarer forms of diabetes with only ten percent of all diabetes cases being type 1. It is the case when the body does not produce insulin at all and can be mostly seen in people who are under the age of forty. Type 1 diabetes is the also called as early-onset, insulin-dependent, and juvenile diabetes due to its occurrence in people who are of young age. People with this condition are expected to follow special diets to keep their blood sugar in check and also have to take insulin on a regular basis. Recent studies have shown that the number of teenagers who are contracted by type 1 diabetes has gone up by over twenty percent in the past decade.
Type 2 Diabetes – This is the type of diabetes found in almost ninety percent of diabetes cases. It is the condition where the body is able to produce only a part of the insulin that is required for the proper functioning of the body. People who are overweight or does not indulge in regular physical activities are seen to be prone to type 1 diabetes. Age is also considered to be a major factor in this case as it is more likely for a person to contract it as he/she grows old.
Gestational Diabetes – These are the type of diabetes seen in women during pregnancies. Due to the complications related to pregnancy, the body might not be able to produce enough insulin to transport the sugar in the blood, leading to the condition.
It is possible to lead a healthy life even with diabetes. With constant health checkups, exercise and quitting habits that fuel diabetes, it is highly possible to get your life back to normal. It is important to keep yourself active and follow the proper diet plan to keep diabetes in check.