ADHD stands for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. It is one of the most common types of neurodevelopment disorders that occur during the childhood phase of a human beings life. Even though it is commonly diagnosed during the childhood, there is a possibility for it to last over to the adulthood. Children with ADHD are hyperactive, have extreme difficulty in paying attention to important things and have impulsive reactions to things which mean they might act without thinking. ADHD will affect the way the child performs at school and would have trouble concentrating on things of importance which need to be treated as it can be treated with the help of a psychiatrist.
Symptoms of ADHD
Children with ADHD will have great trouble focusing on things and also behaving inappropriately will hamper his/her childhood. One other issue with the condition is that over the years, the child might not grow out of the behaviour and habits. This can cause numerous issues at school, with friends, or even at home. Below mentioned are some of the symptoms that are associated with children who have ADHD:
- fidget or squirm
- talk too much
- do a lot of daydreaming
- lose or forget thing a lot
- does not have the ability to resist temptations or have a hard time with it
- have a hard time getting along with the others
- take unnecessary risks and make a lot of careless mistakes
- taking turns would be an issue too
- ADHD and GCSEs can be a bad combination – resulting in lower grades
Types of ADHD
Depending on the symptoms and the effect of the condition on the individual, ADHD is divided into three types and are as below:
Predominantly Inattentive Presentation – The individual with the kind of ADHD finds it extremely hard to complete organise and complete tasks. They also have extreme difficulty paying attention to details, or to listen to a conversation and also following instructions. It is easy for them to forget daily routine and also gets distracted very easily.
Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Presentation – They have an issue sitting down places calmly for a while. They talk and fidget a lot. Restlessness is one of the common characteristic feature associated with it. Interrupting others, speaking inappropriately, and getting hold of the things that others possess is a routine for them. They are more accident prone and have a hard time figuring out directions.
Combined Presentation – It shows symptoms of both.
Causes of ADHD
The causes of ADHD is unknown to us as of now, but it is researched that genetics might play and important part. Here are some of the risk factors associated with ADHD other than genetics:
- Exposure to harsh environment at a young age
- Premature delivery
- Brain injury
- Low weight during birth
- Tobacco and alcohol use at the time of pregnancy
Diagnosis and treatment
There is no single step or test involved to find the existence of ADHD in a child. Medical examination such as vision and hearing test can determine whether the child has ADHD symptoms.
Behaviour therapy and medication are some of the best types of treatment for ADHD. Even though there is no set treatment for it, therapy and medication are expected to be the most looked at treatment method.